Belgrade (Serbian: White City, which means White City), It is the capital and largest city of Serbia. Located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, where the Pannonian Plain meets the Balkans. The main city has a population 1,23 millions, while over 1,65 million people live within the limits diokitika.
One of the most important prehistoric cultures of Europe, The Vinča culture, It developed in the Belgrade area 6th chiletia BC. In ancient times inhabited the Thracian-Dacians region and beyond 279 B.C. the city was occupied by Celts, naming the Singkintoun. Conquered by the Romans in the reign of Augustus and acquired town rights in the middle of the 2nd century. Largely settled by Slavs in the early 520 and changed hands several times between the Byzantine, Frankish and the Bulgarian Empire and the Kingdom of Hungary, before becoming the capital of the Serbian king Stefan Dragutin (1282–1316). The 1521 Belgrade was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and became the seat of the Sanjak of Smederevo. Frequently passed from Ottoman rule in that of Habsburg, the destruction of most of the city during wars Afstroothomanikous. To Belgrade xanaegine the capital of Serbia 1841. North Belgrade remained the southernmost possession of the Habsburgs until 1918, when the city was reunited. As a strategic position, the city became a battlefield 115 wars and razed 44 times. Belgrade was the capital of Yugoslavia (various forms of governance) from its inception in 1918 until the final dissolution of the 2006.
Belgrade has a special administrative status within Serbia and is one of five, in the statistical, regions. The metropolitan area is divided into 17 municipalities, each with its own local council. occupies the 3,6% the extent of Serbia and the city lives 22,5% of the population. It is the largest city in the former Yugoslavia and the 4th largest in the Balkans after Istanbul, Athens and Bucharest.
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