Copenhagen is the capital and largest city of Denmark, with urban population 1.230.728 residents and a population of the metropolitan area 1.967.727 residents (October 1 2013). Located on the east side of the island Zealand, 42 kilometers north of Malmö and Sweden 164 kilometers northeast of Odense. The city extends to parts of the island and includes Amager and Frederiksberg, which is a municipality itself.
Copenhagen was founded in the 10th century, originally as a fishing village Viking, and it became the capital of Denmark in the early 15th century. During the 17th century, under the reign of Christian IV, It developed into an important regional center, consolidating its position as the capital of Denmark and Norway. In the 18th century the city was hit by the plague and by fires, and then passed to a new growth phase, in which inter alia, Frenterikstanten the region developed and cultural institutions such as the Royal Theatre and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts. After some more damage in the city in the early 18th century when Horatio Nelson attacked the Danish fleet and bombed the city, reconstruction in the Danish Golden Age gave Copenhagen architecture neoclassical style. Later, after the Second World War, the Finger Plan favored the creation of homes and businesses across five urban rail lines started from the city center.
From 2000 and after, Copenhagen was an important urban and cultural development, which facilitated investment in institutions and infrastructure. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental center of Denmark and one of the main economic centers of northern Europe. The 2012 It was third city in the world in terms of gross revenue, falling from first place was the 2009. After completion of the Oresund Bridge, the metropolitan area of Copenhagen gradually consolidated with the Swedish province of Scania and its largest city, Malmö, becoming the Öresund region. Having several bridges that connect the different areas of the city, Urban landscape is characterized by parks, trails and wharves. The Copenhagen monuments such as the Tivoli Gardens, the Little Mermaid statue, the Amalienborg palaces and Kristiansmporgk, the castle Rosenmporgk, the Fredericks church and the many museums and nightclubs are an important tourist attraction. Apart from recent developments in the service sector and the pharmaceutical industry city, there are several initiatives in clean technology, in order to meet the city's goal to be neutral as to the carbon 2025.
Copenhagen has over 94,000 students in major universities and institutes of, including the University of Copenhagen, the Business School of Copenhagen, and the Technical University of Denmark. The University of Copenhagen, Founded in 1479, It is the oldest university in Denmark, and has repeatedly ranked as one of the best universities in Europe. In the city established football teams F.c. Copenhagen and Brøndby IF and the Hockey Teams Rødovre Mighty Bulls, Herlev Eagles και Copenhagen Hockey. From 1980 It is an annual marathon in Copenhagen. Copenhagen is one of the most bike-friendly cities in the world. The Metro Copenhagen serves central Copenhagen along with the S-train network connecting the peripheral districts. The Copenhagen Airport, Kastrup serves almost 2 million passengers per month, thus being the largest airport in Scandinavia.
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