The Republic of Cuba is a Caribbean island state consisting of the homonymous island (the largest of the Greater Antilles), the Isla de la Juventud, and smaller islands. Located in the northern Caribbean, between the Caribbean Sea, the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Cuba is south of the US and the Bahamas, west of the Turks and Caicos Islands and Haiti and east of Mexico. The Cayman Islands and Jamaica are to the south of Cuba.
Cuba is the most populous country in the Caribbean. The culture and customs of drawn from various sources, including the period of Spanish colonialism, transport of slaves from Africa and, to a lesser extent, its proximity to the United States. The island has a tropical climate that is moderated by the sea that surrounds it. The warm currents of the Caribbean Sea and the position of Cuba between large water bodies often cause storms.
The area was discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492 and colonized in the coming centuries as part of the Spanish Empire. At the end of the 19th century a series of uprisings, which involved the United States ended with the proclamation of independence of the region 1898. After political adventures, the 1959, prevails Cuban Revolution, where Fidel Castro guerrilla chief reverses the pro-American government of Fulgencio Batista. This is considered a milestone in the history of Latin America, while the 1962 The United States maintains economic and commercial embargo against Cuba.
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