Romania is single imiproedriki democracy in South-Central Europe, bordering the Black Sea, between Bulgaria and Ukraine. also borders with Hungary, Serbia and Moldova. It has an area 238.391 sq.km.. and temperate continental climate. After 19.942.642 residents is the seventh most populous country in the European Union. The capital and largest city, Bucharest, It is the seventh largest EU city.
The River Danube, which is the second longest river in Europe after the Volga, It originates in Germany and flows to the southeast in length 2.857 km. through ten countries, before flows with Delta Romania. Part of 1.075 km. its length, which forms a boundary of the country, drains the whole. The Carpathian Mountains, crossing Romania from north to south (highest peak Moldoveanu, 2.544 m.).
Modern Romania was within the territory of the Roman province of Dacia and created the 1859 through a personal union of the principalities Moldavia and Wallachia. The new state, Romania officially called the 1866, It gained its independence from the Ottoman Empire 1877. By the end of the First World War Transylvania, the Bukovina and Bessarabia united with the dominant Kingdom of Romania. With the end of World War territories today correspond roughly to the Republic of Moldova occupied by the Soviet Union and a few years later Romania became a socialist republic and a member of the Warsaw Pact. After the Revolution 1989 Romania started its return to democracy and the capitalist market economy.
After rapid economic growth of the decade 2000, Romania's economy is mainly based on services and is a manufacturer and exporter of machinery and electric energy offering companies like Dacia and Petrom. The standard of living has improved and today Romania is income country over the medium with a high Human Development Index. A member of NATO since 2004 and the European Union by the 2007. About 90% of the population identify themselves as Orthodox Christians and whose mother tongue Romanian, is Romance language. With rich cultural history Romania was home to artists signifiers, musical, inventors and athletes and has a variety of tourist attractions.
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